JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] Coupling between the atmosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere above thunderstorms

convener:Pasko Victor P(Pennsylvania State University Main Campus), Yukihiro Takahashi(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Mitsuteru Sato(Department of Cosmoscience, Hokkaido University), Teruaki Enoto(RIKEN)

[MIS10-05] Downward Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes Coincident with Enegetic In-cloud Pulses

*Yuuki Wada1, Teruaki Enoto1, Takeshi Morimoto2, Yoshitaka Nakamura3, Mitsuteru Sato4, Tomoo Ushio5, Kazuhiro Nakazawa6, Takayuki Yuasa7, Daisuke Yonetoku8, Tatsuya Sawano8, Masashi Kamogawa9, Hideo Sakai10, Yoshihiro Furuta11, Kazuo Makishima1,12, Harufumi Tsuchiya11 (1.RIKEN, 2.Kindai University, 3.KCCT, 4.Hokkaido University, 5.Osaka University, 6.Nagoya University, 7.Private Company, 8.Kanazawa University, 9.University of Shizuoka, 10.University of Toyama, 11.Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 12.University of Tokyo)

Keywords:thunderstorm, terrestrial gamma-ray flash, high-energy atmospheric physics, atmospheric electricity

Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are millisecond-long energetic emissions coincident with lightning discharges (Fishman et al., Science, 1994, Smith et al., Science, 2005). In addition to upward-oriented TGFs, which are routinely detected by in-orbit satellites, several ground-based experiments have detected downward-oriented ones (Dwyer et al., GRL, 2004, Hare et al., JGR Atmospheres, 2016, Abbasi et al., JGR Atmospheres, 2018). In particular, downward TGFs during winter thuderstorms in Japan are sometimes powerful enough to trigger photonuclear reactions in the atmosphere (Enoto et al., Nature, 2017, Wada et al., PRL, 2019). Recent studies on TGFs and associated radio-frequency (RF) emissions have presented that a distinct class of RF lightning pulses called “energetic in-cloud pulse” (EIP) are deeply connected to upward TGFs, and have predicted that negative-polarity EIPs could be connected to downward TGFs (Lyu et al., GRL, 2015, 2016). However, the connection between EIPs and downward TGFs has never been reported. We have performed the Gamma-ray Observation of Winter Thunderclouds experiment in coastal areas of the Sea of Japan since 2006 (Tsuchiya et al., PRL, 2007). In Kanazawa, one of our observation sites, two downward TGFs were detected in December 2017 and January 2018. Both TGFs coincided with negative-polarity RF pulses whose peak currents were lager than 150 kA, reported by JLDN. Based on RF waveforms obtained by our broadband low-frequency observation network, they are categorized into negative-polarity EIPs. We present the first report on the connection between EIPs and downward TGFs (Wada et al., JGR Atmospheres, 2020).