JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Robin Elizabeth Bell(Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)

[MIS15-04] Accurate chronology and climatic reconstruction around MIS 11 from the Dome Fuji ice core

*Kenji Kawamura1,2,3, Ikumi Oyabu1, Shuji Aoki4, Takakiyo Nakazawa4, Ayako Abe-Ouchi5, Fuyuki SAITO3 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems, 2.Graduate School for Advanced Studies, SOKENDAI, 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 4.Tohoku University, 5.University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Dome Fuji, Ice core, MIS11, Interglacial, Antarctica

Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 11 is characterized by long glacial termination and interglacial period, with higher sea level than today, despite moderate atmospheric CO2 concentration and small variations in summer insolation (due to small Earth’s orbital eccentricity). To investigate the roles of different forcings (e.g. orbital variations and greenhouse gases) on climate and ice sheets, paleoclimatic proxy records need to be accurately dated and precisely synchronized with each other. An accurate chronology for the past 360 ky was constructed through orbital tuning of O2/N2 ratio of trapped air in the Dome Fuji and Vostok ice cores with local summer insolation (Kawamura et al., 2007), and its improvement has been underway (Oyabu et al., this session). We are also extending the O2/N2 chronology towards older periods to constrain the timing and duration of the past climatic changes.

Marine sediment cores from the northern North Atlantic region exhibit millennial-scale variations with abrupt climatic shifts and bipolar seesaw, during glacial periods and terminations in various proxy records. By correlating the millennial-scale changes recorded in the marine sediment cores (e.g. in sea surface temperature and ice-rafted debris) with those in the Dome Fuji ice core (CH4 concentration and d18O of ice), it may be possible to transfer the Dome Fuji chronology to the marine cores from the North Atlantic. We attempt to correlate planktonic δ18O and IRD records from marine core ODP 980 with the Dome Fuji CH4 around MIS 11, and constrain the durations of interglacial periods recorded in the marine core. However, the current resolution of the Dome Fuji gas records (measured at ~2-kyr intervals) is not sufficient to undoubtedly identify all millennial-scale events, thus we are conducting new measurements to improve the resolution of the gas records. In the presentation, we will show the results of the new measurements and synchronization, and discuss the timing, duration and possible mechanisms for the very long interglacial period 400-kyr ago.