JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Robin Elizabeth Bell(Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)

[MIS15-P03] Changes of Antarctic Bottom Water off the Wilks Land coast of the Australia-Antarctic Basin

*Taiyo Kobayashi1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:AABW, Deep Argo

Changes of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) off teh Wilks Land coast (near 115°E) of the Australia-Antarctic Basin were examined mainly with historical hydrographic datasets and recent observations of reasearch vessels and deep floats. From climatological views, AABW (denser than γn = 28.30) has decreased its thickness since around 1970 by the rate of about 15 m yr-1 at the “hypothetical” station of 60°S 115°E. The freshening of AABW began before 1960 in the region and it was accelerated in time. These climatological features are fairly consistent with those that had been reported on the AABW changes in the other regions in the Australia-Antarctic Basin.

After around 2010, however, the changes in AABW seemed to have modulated from these climatological trends. The thickenss of AABW was kept at almost the same level until around 2015, and then it has decreased rapidly (by about 50-100 m yr-1). The isothermal salinity decreased rapidly by more than –1.0 ×10-3 yr-1 for the period of 2010-2015, and then the freshening seemed to be halted.

The recent modulations of the AABW changes off the Wilks Land coast are similar to the recent changes in AABW off the Adélie/George V Land coast (around 140°E) (Kobayashi, 2018) at many points. Meanwhile they have several differences; the former modulations probebly began about 4 years later of the latter occureances, and and the former changes were more gradual than the latters. These feasures would suggest that the recent modulations of the AABW changes off the Wilkes Land coast were derived from the arrival of the modified AABW from the east and ultimately attributed to the collapse of Mertz Glacier Tongue in February 2010.