JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Robin Elizabeth Bell(Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)

[MIS15-P24] East Antarctic meltwater influx from the Wilkes Subglacial Basin since the Last Glacial Maximum as determined by beryllium isotopes

*Bethany Behrens1,2, Yosuke Miyairi1, Adam David Sproson1, Masako Yamane3, Yusuke Yokoyama1,2,4 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan, 2.Graduate Program on Environmental Science, University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-0041, Japan, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Furocho, Chikusa, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8601, Japan, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyō, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan)

Keywords:East Antarctica, beryllium isotopes, Holocene, ice sheet instability, Wilkes Subglacial Basin

The West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) and East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) contain an amount of ice equivalent to 3-5 m and 53 m sea level rise, respectively (1). The WAIS, as a largely marine-based ice sheet, is susceptible to changes in ocean temperatures and prone to retreat. Recent research has revealed that areas of the EAIS situated below sea level are also very sensitive to atmospheric and oceanic temperature changes and vulnerable to retreat (2, 3). The two largest subglacial basins in East Antarctica, the Wilkes and Aurora subglacial basins, hold a total ice mass equivalent to 28 m sea level rise (4), demonstrating that even a partial collapse of the EAIS would have a major effect on global sea level.

To investigate the response of these vulnerable areas to a warming ocean and atmosphere, we have evaluated beryllium isotope concentrations from Adélie Basin, located on the continental shelf offshore the Wilkes Subglacial Basin. Our record covers the most recent period of major Holocene ice sheet retreat, sea level rise, and increased atmospheric CO2since the Last Glacial Maximum ice sheet retreat (5). The beryllium isotope data suggest oceanic or climatic changes occurred at ca. 9.8 ka, ca. 6.3 ka, and from ca. 4.1 ka. From prior research, we can conclude our high meteoric 10Be values at ~9.8 ka and ~6.3 ka are attributed to an open marine environment created by the retreat of grounded ice along with an increased influx of meltwater (6-8). The elevated concentration and frequency variation of meteoric 10Be values starting from ~4.1 ka indicates a change in regime, possibly linked to changes in climate.

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(2) Hansen MA, Passchier S. Geo-Marine Letters. 2017;37(3):207-13.

(3) DeConto RM, Pollard D. Nature. 2016;531:591.

(4) Shen Q, Wang H, Shum C, Jiang L, Hsu HT, Dong J. Scientific reports. 2018;8(1):4477.

(5) Yokoyama Y, Esat TM, Thompson WG, Thomas AL, Webster JM, Miyairi Y, et al. Nature. 2018;559(7715):603-7.

(6) Yokoyama Y, Anderson JB, Yamane M, Simkins LM, Miyairi Y, Yamazaki T, et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2016;113(9):2354.

(7) Valletta RD, Willenbring JK, Passchier S, Elmi C. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. 2018;33(9):934-44.

(8) Behrens B, Miyairi Y, Sproson AD, Yamane M, Yokoyama Y. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2019;34(8):603-8.