JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS20] Atmospheric Electricity: Lightning discharges and related physical phenomena

convener:Yasuhide Hobara(Graduate School of Information and Engineering Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, The University of Electro-Communications)

[MIS20-P02] Characteristics of Medium-low Frequency Magnetic Fields of Initial Continuous Current in Triggered Lightning

*Yanfeng Fan1, Yang Zhang1, Weitao Lyu1, Dong Zheng1, Xiangpeng Fan1 (1.State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences)

Keywords:triggered lightning, initial continuous current, medium-low frequency magnetic fields

Triggered lightning experiment of Field Experiment Base on Lightning Sciences, China Meteorological Administration (CMA-FEBLS) provides a good opportunity to study the discharge process and its related electromagnetic effects. Based on the data obtained by the magnetic antennas around the launch site, the paper analyzes the electromagnetic characteristics of initial continuous current. Benefitting from the expansion of the bandwidth of the antenna, magnetic pulses of the signal quiet period are observed for the first time. The mean pulse width and inter-pulse interval of these pulses are about 1 μs and 14 μs, respectively, which indicating that the propagation of upward leaders during the stage is in the form of small scale breakdown. The magnetic pulse bursts (MPB) can be both observed by close and far antennas, and the mean inter-pulse interval of the MPB (24.5 μs) is larger than that of the signal quiet period pulse. In addition, the channel-base current during the stage of MPB increases to dozens of hundreds of amperes, so it can be included that the electric field condition is conductive to the development of the upward leaders. Furthermore, the measurement of magnetic field can reflect the physical process of the initial continuous current pulse (ICCP) and M-component. The regular magnetic pulse (RMP) observed during the stage of ICCP and M-component are attributed to the interception of recoil leader with existing lightning channel. The inter-pulse interval of RMP is one order less than that of MPB, which may reflect the differences between the positive polarity breakdown and the negative polarity breakdown of leaders.