JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS25] Biogeochemistry

convener:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University)

[MIS25-12] Linking stoichiometric organic carbon–nitrogen relationships to planktonic cyanobacteria and subsurface methane maximum in deep freshwater lakes

Santona Khatun1, *Tomoya Iwata2, Hisaya Kojima3, Yoshiki Ikarashi2, Kana Yamanami2, Daichi Imazawa1, Tanaka Kenta4, Ryuichiro Shinohara5, Hiromi Saito6 (1.Integrated Graduate School of Medicine, Engineering, and Agricultural Sciences, University of Yamanashi, 2.Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi, 3.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 4.Mountain Science Center, University of Tsukuba, 5.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 6.Department of Marine Biology and Sciences, Tokai University)

Keywords:dissolved organic carbon, Dissolved inorganic nitrogen, phosphonate, subsurface methane maximum, stoichiometry, Synechococcus

Our understanding about the source of methane (CH4) in freshwater ecosystems is being revised because CH4 production in oxic water columns, a hitherto inconceivable process of methanogenesis, has been discovered for lake ecosystems. The present study surveyed nine Japanese deep freshwater lakes to show the pattern and mechanisms of such aerobic CH4 production and subsurface methane maximum (SMM) formation. The field survey observed the development of the SMM around the metalimnion in all of the study lakes. Generalized linear model (GLM) analyses showed a strong negative nonlinear relationship between dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), as well as a similar curvilinear relationship between DIN and dissolved CH4, suggesting that the availability of organic carbon controls N accumulation in lake waters thereby influences the CH4 production process. The microbial community analyses revealed that the distribution of picocyanobacteria (i.e., Synechococcus), which produce CH4 in oxic conditions, was closely related to the vertical distribution of dissolved CH4 and SMM formation. Moreover, a cross-lake comparison showed that lakes with a more abundant Synechococcus population exhibited a greater development of the SMM, suggesting that these microorganisms are the most likely cause for methane production. Thus, we conclude that the stoichiometric balance between DOC and DIN might cause the cascading responses of biogeochemical processes, from N depletion to picocyanobacterial domination, and subsequently influence SMM formation in lake ecosystems.