JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS27] Geophysical fluid dynamics-Transfield approach to geoscience

convener:Keita Iga(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University), Takatoshi Yanagisawa(Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hidenori AIKI(Nagoya University)

[MIS27-02] Solitary magnetic Rossby waves in spherical shells

*Kumiko Hori1,2, Steve M Tobias2, Chris A Jones2 (1.Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, 2.Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Leeds)

Finite-amplitude hydromagnetic Rossby waves in the magnetostrophic regime are studied. We consider the slow mode, which travels in the opposite direction to the hydrodynamic or fast mode, in the presence of a toroidal magnetic field and zonal flow by means of quasi-geostrophic models for thick spherical shells. The weakly-nonlinear, long waves are solved asymptotically using a reductive perturbation method. The problem at the first order is found to obey a fourth-order ODE, which resembles the Orr-Sommerfeld equation and is nonsingular when the wave speed approaches the mean flow. Investigating its neutral, nonsingular eigensolutions for different basic states, we find the evolution is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation. This implies the nonlinear slow wave forms solitons, giving rise to a coherent eddy such as a single anticyclone filling up the cavity. We speculate its link to asymmetric gyres seen in Earth's fluid core and in spherical dynamo DNS.