JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS27] Geophysical fluid dynamics-Transfield approach to geoscience

convener:Keita Iga(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University), Takatoshi Yanagisawa(Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hidenori AIKI(Nagoya University)

[MIS27-P02] Axial flow characteristics of a liquid metal roll convection under a horizontal magnetic field

Koki Sawada1, *Yuji Tasaka1, Takatoshi Yanagisawa2,1, Yuichi Murai1, Ataru Sakuraba3 (1.Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Natural convection, Magnetic field, Flow transition

Magneto-convection is one of important flow systems for describing behavior of the earth’s outer core. It is well known that applying sufficiently strong horizontal magnetic field to thermal convection in a liquid metal layer stabilizes the convections into quasi-two-dimensional rolls aligned parallel to the magnetic field. The corresponding phenomena of convection rolls are, however, not so simple because of existence of side boundaries; pressure gradient nearby the wide wall perpendicular to the magnetic field causes axial flow due to Ekman pumping in Bödewadt layer. And, the flow provides complexity on the convection.
We examined axial flow and advection structures on quasi-two-dimensional convection rolls by laboratory experiment using liquid metal layer imposed by horizontal magnetic field. Ultrasonic velocity profiler visualized and quantified roll structures and axial flows by multiple measurement lines set in the fluid layer. The measurements were performed for different Rayleigh and Chandrasekhar numbers and variations of the axial flow velocity were investigated. Visualized flow pattern suggested influence of Lorenz force on the axial flow and scaling law with considering the Lorenz force effect was discussed.