JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-ZZ Others

[M-ZZ56] Studies of Geoscience : historical, philosophical and STS studies

convener:Michiko Yajima(College of Humanity and Science, Nihon University), Toshihiro Yamada(Taisho University), Shigeyuki Aoki(Faculty of Letters, Chuo University), Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University)

[MZZ56-01] The Great Lisbon Earthquake and Voltaire – the impact of geological phenomena on philosophy

*Shigeyuki Aoki1 (1.Faculty of Letters, Chuo University)

Keywords:philosophy, genological phenomena, the Great Lisbon earthquake, Enlightenment

Philosophy in each area of the world has its tradition or nationality, and in contrast geological phenomenon (in this presentation, the Great Lisbon earthquake) often drastically changes a philosopher’s thought. In this talk, I would like to discuss Voltaire, the representative thinker in the age of Enlightenment. His Candide includes the most critical comment on Professor Pangloss, who vindicated “the best of possible worlds.” This talk will discuss the impact of the Great Lisbon earthquake of 1755 on the philosopher.