JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-ZZ Others

[M-ZZ57] Marine Manganese Minerals: Science, Engineering and Application

convener:Akira Usui(Marine Core Research Center, Kochi University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Submarine Resources Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takashi Ito(Faculty of Education, Ibaraki University)

[MZZ57-P03] Relationship between isotope fractionation and valence of tellurium adsorbed on the Fe-Mn oxides from seawater

*Yusuke Fukami1, Teruhiko Kashiwabara2, Hiroshi Amakawa3, Takazo Shibuya2, Akira Usui4, Katsuhiko Suzuki2 (1.Gakushuin University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute The University of Tokyo, 4.Marine Core Research Center, Kochi University)

Keywords:tellurium, isotope fractionation, Fe-Mn oxides, ocean environment

Marine ferromanganese crusts (Fe-Mn crusts) are Fe-Mn oxide deposits widely distributed on the seafloor, and are important materials for (paleo)oceanographic studies (e.g. Hein et al., 2014). Tellurium (Te) is one of the highly enriched elements in the Fe-Mn crusts by more than ten thousand times relative to that in the continental crusts (Hein et al., 2010). Variation of concentration and isotopic compositions of Te in the Fe-Mn crusts could be a potential indicator for changes in redox condition of seawater, because of the existence of two valences of Te in ocean environments (+4 and +6; Lee and Edmond, 1985). In this study, we performed the measurement for concentration and isotopic compositions of Te in the surface layer of the Fe-Mn crusts, which directly contacted with ambient seawater, to investigate the relationship between ambient water environments and the compositions of Fe-Mn oxide deposits, such as the concentration and isotopic compositions. The Fe-Mn crust samples were collected from two seamounts located in the Northwest Pacific, which possess different depth profile of the dissolved oxygen concentration in seawater. Furthermore, laboratory experiments were performed to investigate the isotope fractionation associated with Te adsorption on ferromanganese oxides.

The results show that the correlation between the Te concentration and isotopic compositions in the surface layer of the Fe-Mn crusts changes as the water depth increases. With increasing depth, the Te concentration decreases more drastically at shallower water depth than at deeper water depth, and changes in isotopic fractionation were also observed at similar water depths. Moreover, between two seamounts with different depth profile of dissolved oxygen in seawater, the water depth where the concentration gradient of Te in the Fe-Mn crusts changes is different. For laboratory experiments, it is revealed that when tetravalent Te is adsorbed on iron oxide, isotope composition of the liquid phase becomes lighter, and when hexavalent Te adsorbs it becomes heavier. These results suggest that Te isotope fractionation in ferromanganese oxide deposits in the ocean may correspond to the valence of tellurium in the ocean.