JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG23] Shock responses of planetary materials elucidated from meteorites and laboratory experiments

convener:Takuo Okuchi(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Toshimori Sekine(Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research), Naotaka Tomioka(Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[PCG23-11] Experimental platform using high-power laser with X-ray free-electron laser at SACLA and its capabilities for shock experiments

*Kohei Miyanishi1, Yuichi Inubushi1,2, Toshinori Yabuuchi1,2, Keiichi Sueda1, Tadashi Togashi1,2, Norimasa Ozaki3, Michel Koenig4, Yoshinori Tange2, Kensuke Tono1,2, Makina Yabashi1,2 (1.RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 2.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 3.Osaka University, 4.LULI, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, UPMC, Univ Paris 06)

Keywords:X-ray free-electron laser, dynamic compression, high-power laser

Thanks to its brilliance and short pulse duration, X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) provide revolutionary capabilities to capture dynamics of materials on the timescales of atomic motion. On the other hand, laser-driven dynamic compression can easily generate high pressures relevant to inside planets and planetary impact phenomena. The combination of laser-driven dynamic compression pump and XFEL probe enables probing ultrafast lattice-level dynamical phenomena and transient states associated with dynamic compressions such as phase transitions, shock formation, and dynamic fractures. Recently, we have developed a new experimental platform for combinative use of an XFEL and a 100-J class laser at the SPring-8 Angstrom Compact free-electron LAser (SACLA), designed for exploring matters in extreme conditions. The platform has capabilities for X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurement, and X-ray imaging along with auxiliary optical measurements such as velocity interferometry for any reflector (VISAR) and streaked optical pyrometer (SOP).
In this presentation, we present an overview of the newly developed platform, its current capabilities, and commissioning results.