[PCG26-09] Temporal variation of the surface brightness temperature of Mars during the global dust storm in 2018
Keywords:Mars, ALMA, surface temperature
Starting from the middle of June 2018, a global dust storm has occurred for the first time in the past 11 years. ALMA observed the Martian submillimeter emission during that global dust storm. Observing with submillimeter wavelength has a good advantage compared to other optical and infrared wavelengths, since the dust opacity becomes transparent at the submillimeter wave and the emission from deep inside the global dust storm can be detected.
We present the analysis of the data taken with the Atacama Compact Array of the ALMA observatory. The data were taken for 14 days at intervals in the period from 21 June to 28 September. We derived the total flux density of the Martian submillimeter continuum emission at 220 GHz via fitting a theoretical visibility distribution model. We found that total flux density (disk-averaged surface brightness temperature) had decreased by 18% during the storm compared to the data taken when the storm settled. The results will be compared with other studies including infrared observations from orbiters and numerical experiments of Martian GCMs.