JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG27] Origin and evolution of materials in space

convener:Hideko Nomura(Division of Science, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan), Takafumi Ootsubo(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Aki Takigawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo)

[PCG27-07] Formation of heterogeneous ice polyhedrons on the surface of core grain due to crystallization of amorphous ices

*Akira Kouchi1, Yasuhiro Oba1, Tetsuya Hama1, Tomoya Yamazaki1, Yuki Kimura1, Naoki Watanabe1, Shogo Tachibana2, Sin-iti Sirono3, Satoshi Okuzumi4, Munetake Momose5, Kenji Furuya6 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 2.School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate School of Environment Studies, Nagoya University, 4.School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 5.College of Science, Ibaraki University, 6.Center for Computational Sciences, Tsukuba University)

Keywords:Amorphous ices, Crystallization, Polyhedron

Collision and following sticking or disruption of grains and grain aggregates are one of the most important elementary process to discuss the formation mechanism of planetesimals. It has been hitherto assumed that grains are sphere regardless of materials (silicates, organics, ices) and crystallinity (amorphous, crystalline). To check this assumption, we observed crystallization of amorphous ices (a-H2O, a-CO2, a-CO) using transmission electron microscope. We found that uniform thin films of amorphous ices (a-H2O, a-CO) changed to 3-dimensional islands due to crystallization. Furthermore, number of crystalline islands decreased and the size of islands increased due to Ostwald reipening. The structure of icy grains composed of crystalline ice and core materials became heterogeneous structure; one or two crystalline ices (polyhedron with planer faces) attached to spherical core. In the case of CO2, on the other hand, uniform thin films of a-CO2did not change after crystallization. As shown here, it is found that morphology of crystalline ices depends greatly on the composition of ices. Therefore, care should be taken for the application of models on collision-sticking or sintering. Even in low temperature molecular clouds, morphology of CO ice is not uniform amorphous mantle but heterogeneous crystalline polyhedron, because a-CO crystallized within short time, suggesting non-thermal desorption of various molecules occurs simultaneously.