JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM12] Coupling Processes in the Atmosphere-Ionosphere System

convener:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Yue Deng(University of Texas at Arlington), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University)

[PEM12-25] Importance of Realistic Auroral Precipitation, Electrical Field Variability, and Model Resolution in Resolving the Storm-Time Neutral Temperature and Density

★Invited Papers

*Xian Lu1, Haonan Wu1, Gang Lu2, Xinzhao Chu3,4, Wenbin Wang2, Delores Delores2,4, Yukitoshi Nishimura5 (1.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA, 2.High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA, 3.Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA, 4.Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA, 5.College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA)

Keywords:geomagnetic storm, auroral energetic particles, neutral ion coupling, electric field variability, DMSP/SSUSI, TIEGCM

Dramatic Neutral Temperature enhancement and an Inversion Layer (NTIL) have been detected by the Fe Boltzmann lidar at McMurdo, Antarctica during a geomagnetic storm. None of empirical or default configurations of physical models capture these features. We use the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) with high-latitude drivers constrained by data to examine the mechanisms of NTIL. The auroral precipitation maps from DMSP/SSUSI are incorporated in the TIEGCM, which increase Pedersen conductivity significantly in the auroral region. Sub-grid electric field variabilities are implemented with regard to the spatial distribution of auroral activities. Thereby, the observed large temperature enhancement and NTIL are reproduced. The default model runs underestimate the neutral densities by 40% compared with GRACE measurements, which are resolved by incorporating observed auroral maps and sub-grid electric field variabilities. The mechanism to generate temperature inversion in the lower thermosphere is : strong local Joule heating due to the enhanced auroral precipitation and sub-grid electric field variability induces large upward vertical wind which leads to strong cooling around 200 km. Strong heating around 150 km, while cooling dominating above it, generates the inversion layer. The two different model resolutions are run for this event, and the contributions from the fine-scale auroral precipitation and electric field to the storm-time neutral atmosphere are examined.