[PEM13-P16] “Great Wall” seen in the omega band: full-color digital camera observation from the International Space Station
Keywords:omega band, Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling, pulsating aurora, International Space Station, Digital Single Lens Reflex camera, Field-Aligned Current
During several cases of omega bands, we found that there are thin wall-like discrete auroras (“Great Wall”) showing a few hundreds of km height. Great Walls are observed in the borderlines of the western flank of the torch structures and the dark part, and extends in 300-600 km mainly in the north-south direction. As shown in the figure, Great Wall is greenish at the bottom and reddish at the topside. It is also confirmed that the existence of Great Wall in the western side of torch is common in both the hemispheres. The simultaneous appearance of reddish and greenish lights extending in the magnetic field direction infers precipitation of electrons in a broadband energy range. This result is somewhat different from the earlier UV observation by Amm et al (2005) who reported the energy of precipitating electrons in a range of 2-5 keV in the omega structures. This could be because the spatio-temporal resolution of the UVI imager was insufficient and the Great Wall could not be extracted. In addition, active pulsating aurora are seen inside the omega structure. Owing to simultaneous observation of chorus waves at the conjugate area in the magnetosphere with the THEMIS satellite, they are typical pulsating aurora caused by the wave particle interaction. In the presentation, we will show the energy range of electron precipitation in the region of Great Wall estimated from the ISS measurement and discuss the origin of the Wall in the context of current closure in the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling system.