JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Dynamics of Magnetosphere and Ionosphere

convener:Aoi Nakamizo(Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Akiko Fujimoto(Kyushu Institute of Technology), Yuka Sato(Nippon Institute of Technology)

[PEM13-P28] Ground-based observations of MF/HF auroral radio emissions at three stations

*Yuka Sato1,2, Atsushi Kumamoto2, Yuto Katoh2, Yasunobu Ogawa3, Akira Kadokura3, Atsuki Shinbori4 (1.Nippon Institute of Technology, 2.Graduate school of Science, Tohoku University, 3.National Institute of Polar Research, 4.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:radio emissions, auroral phenomena, wave-particle interactions

We launched ground-based observations of MF/HF auroral radio emissions more than a decade ago at two stations (The Husafell Station, Iceland, September 2005; The Kjell Henriksen Observatory, Svalbard, September 2008) and found multiple unknown properties of MF/HF auroral radio emissions, e.g. polarization features [Sato et al., 2008, 2015] and existence of a higher frequency component [Sato et al., 2012]. To make a next siginificant step for a futher understanding of MF/HF auroral radio emissions, we installed a new dedicated instrumentation at the KAIRA (Kilpisjärvi Atmospheric Imaging Receiver Array) site in Kilpisjärvi, Finland (Latitude: 60.07 N, Longitude: 20.76 E) in the summer of 2018. It is a passive receiving system designed to realize a high-resolution spectral, interferometric and polarization measurements using 4 loop antennas and a software-defined radio (SDR) receiver. This SDR receiver can implement high-speed, flexible digital signal processing of RF signals and obtain high-resolution spectra pauselessly throughout the night in a wide frequency range up to 6 MHz. In addition, we plan to upgrade the receiving system in Iceland to utilize a similar SDR receiver this summer. One of the main research subjects of this project is radio emission spontaneously emitted from aurora. There are long-known three types of MF/HF auroral radio emissions identified at ground level: auroral hiss, medium frequency burst (MFB), and auroral roar. Investigation into the generation of these emissions not only offers a tool of great promise for remote sensing of ionospheric plasma processes and parameters but also gives the foundation for understanding various radiation mechanisms that occur in planetary magnetospheres and plasma in space. In combination with the long-term continuous observations in Iceland and Svalbard and future EISCAT_3D experiments, observation with this new instrumentation will provide a first-time opportunity to reveal spatiotemporal variations of macro and fine structures of MF/HF auroral radio emissions associated with substorm evolution. In this presentation, we show detailed specification of the new instrumentations and some initial results.