JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM17] Space Weather and Space Climate

convener:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti A Pulkkinen(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Kaori Sakaguchi(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

[PEM17-19] A New Parameter of Photospheric Magnetic Field to Determine Eruptive-Flare Producing Solar Active Regions

*Pei Hsuan Lin1, Kanya Kusano1, Daikou Shiota2, Satoshi Inoue1, K. D. Leka3 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), 3.NorthWest Research Associates)

Keywords:Solar Physics , CME, Solar flares, Coronal magnetic field

Solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptive phenomena caused by the coronal magnetic fields. In particular, large eruptive events originate in active regions (AR) with strong surface magnetic fields. However, it is still unclear what determines the capability of an AR to specifically produce eruptive flares and CMEs, and this hinders our knowledge of the initiation mechanism for the eruptive component of these phenomena. In this study, we propose a new parameter rm to measure the possibility that a flare which occurs in an AR can be eruptive and produce a CME. The parameter rm is defined by the ratio of the magnetic flux of twist higher than a threshold Tc to the surrounding –and specifically the overlying – magnetic flux. The value of rm for each AR can be estimated using the nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation models of the coronal magnetic field. Based on the data obtained by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI), we calculated the values of rm for 29 ARs at 51 times prior to flares larger than M5.0 class. We find that the foot-point of field lines with twist larger than 0.2 can well represent the flare ribbons, and field lines overlying and “fencing in” the highly twisted region will work to confine the eruption, generating confined flares. Discriminant function analysis shows that rm is moderately able to discriminate those ARs which have the capability to produce eruptive flares. Regarding the events that cannot be classified according to rm correctly, we find that there are external overlying field lines that are not captured by NLFFF extrapolation in those confined events with large rm. This is probably one of the reasons to cause the failed classification. The other events that cannot be well classified based on rm are also discussed in this study