[PEM18-14] Evolution of a Mesospheric Bore in a Duct Observed by Ground-Based Double-Layer Imagers and Satellite Observations Over the Tibetan Plateau Region
Keywords:airglow, middle and upper atmosphere, mesospheric bore
A mesospheric bore event was observed in the airglow layers of both OH and OI (557.7 nm) bands by two all-sky airglow imagers in Lhasa (29.66ºN, 90.98ºE) on the Tibetan Plateau and the Day Night Band (DNB) of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite on the night of 16–17 December 2014. Simultaneous temperature and OH intensity observations from the SABER instrument onboard the TIMED satellite and wind measurement by a Doppler meteor radar were used to characterize the environment of the bore propagation. A large mesospheric inversion layer was identified from the temperature measured by the SABER instrument. The observed winds in the height range of the OH layer were almost orthogonal to the propagation direction of the mesospheric bore. Both hydraulic jump theory and observations showed that the duct initially shrank followed by an expansion. The duct mainly existed in the OH layer but was weak in the OI layer, as revealed by the double-layer imaging and satellite observations. The horizontal wavelengths and observed phase speeds of the bore packet decreased as the duct shrank and increased as the duct expanded. The intensity amplitude of the bore packet decreased slowly and then decreased sharply after dissipation. With the variation of the depth of the duct, the bore may have leak out of the duct. The presented study advances the understanding of mesospheric bore evolution and how the ducted environment influences the propagation of the bore.