JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

convener:Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Satonori Nozawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University)

[PEM18-P05] Ionospheric observations by Equatorial Atmosphere Radar during annular eclipse in December 2019

*Rieko Takagi1, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama1, Mamoru Yamamoto1, Kornyanat Hozumi2 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 2.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:Ionosphere, Equatorial Atmosphere Radar, solar eclipse

The area of the Earth's atmosphere above an altitude of about 80 km is called the ionosphere, where molecules and atoms are partially ionized. Since the electron density varies depending on altitude, time, and location, radio waves passing through the ionosphere are delayed or refracted, which cause satellite communication failures and decrease GPS positioning accuracy. There is a need to accurately measure and predict the electron density distribution. It is known that a solar eclipse reduces the amount of sunlight when the moon passes in front of the sun in the daytime and affects the electron density distribution. In this study, during the annular solar eclipse near Southeast Asia on December 26, 2019, we observed the ionospheric E region with the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) near the equator in West Sumatra, Indonesia, and analyzed the observation data. We also compared the results with ionosonde observations in Southeast Asia. Although clear 150-km echoes were observed with the EAR in the days before and after the eclipse, the 150-km echoes were not detected on the eclipse day. On the other hand, the E-region echoes showed significant variation in the distribution of echo power and Doppler velocity, which is thought to be affected by the solar eclipse.