[PEM18-P10] A pulsating aurora event observed by an optical spectrograph at Tromsø, Norway
Keywords:Pulsating aurora, Optical spectrograph, Tromsø
We have been investigating optical spectra of pulsating auroras observed by an optical spectrograph at Tromsø, Norway (69.6ºN, 19.2ºE). Our spectrograph is capable of measuring optical emission intensity in mainly visible range from 480 to 880 nm with a resolution of 1.6 nm. The aperture, i.e. F-number, is 4. The field-of-view (FOV) is 0.03ºx2º, which is pointed at magnetic field-aligned direction. The time resolution is 1 second, and thus it can observe pulsating auroras, which have periods from a few to a few tens of seconds.
In this presentation, we show a pulsating aurora event occurred in morning hours on 6 March 2017. The event was a relatively long-lasting event over the FOV of spectrograph, and it allowed us to make more data integrations to enhance signal-to-noise ratios. According to a time-series of observed auroral emission data, we integrated spectral data for on- and off-phases separately. After such data integrations, auroral emission lines, such as OI 557.7 nm, OI 630.0 nm, and OI 844.6 nm, as well as emission bands, such as N2 1PG, were clearly found in both integrated-optical spectra of on- and off-phases. Then, we calculated a difference spectrum between the optical spectra of on- and off-phases. In the difference spectrum, clear line-like shapes were found for the emission lines of OI 557.7 nm and OI 844.6 nm. On the other hand, a shape of the difference spectrum around 630 nm does not seem to be a line-like shape due to OI 630.0 nm, and it seems to be a part of band-like shape of the emission band of N2 1PG. These results would suggest an importance of spectral observations of pulsating auroras, in addition to imaging observations.