JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM19] Dynamics of the Inner Magnetospheric System

convener:Kunihiro Keika(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo ), Aleksandr Y Ukhorskiy(Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Lynn M Kistler(University of New Hampshire Main Campus)

[PEM19-02] Magnetic field dipolarization and low-energy O+ ion flux variations in the inner magnetosphere observed by Arase

*Masahito Nose1, Ayako Matsuoka2, Yoshizumi Miyoshi1, Kazushi Asamura2, Mariko Teramoto3, Tomoaki Hori1, Iku Shinohara2 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.Kyushu Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Inner magnetosphere, Substorm, Ion composition

Recent studies employing the Van Allen Probes [Chaston et al., 2015; Nosé et al., 2016; Gkioulidou et al., 2019] have shown that unidirectional/bidirectional energy-dispersed O+ flux appears a few minutes after substorms in the inner magnetosphere and lasts for ~10 min with a decrease in its energy from ~5 keV to 10–100 eV. Nosé et al. [2016] found that the unidirectional energy-dispersed O+ flux is observed in 80% of the total events and that its direction is parallel (antiparallel) to the magnetic field when the Van Allen Probes are located below (above) the geomagnetic equator. This strongly implies that these O+ ions are extracted from the ionosphere at the onset of substorms and flow along the magnetic field toward the geomagnetic equator. Low-energy O+ ions may be scattered near the geomagnetic equator and remain there, although the scattering mechanism is yet unknown. They will contribute to the O+ content of the inner magnetospheric plasma, and the resultant increase in the O+ density may provide a precondition for the O+-rich ring current.

In the present study, we examine the low-energy O+ ion flux variations observed by the Arase satellite in the inner magnetosphere. Magnetic field dipolarization is selected from the magnetic field data obtained by the fluxgate magnetometer (MGF) [Matsuoka et al., 2018] in the period of April 1–October 31, 2017 and July 1, 2018–January 31, 2019, and we find 243 events. Data from the low-energy particle experiments–ion mass analyzer (LEPi) [Asamura et al., 2018] are examined to check if the selected dipolarization events are accompanied by low-energy O+ ion flux variations in the direction along the local magnetic field. There are some events of the low-energy O+ ion flux enhancement, which (1) starts ~10 minutes after the dipolarization onset, (2) has energy-dispersed signatures with decreasing energy down to a few 10s of eV, (3) appears down to L ~ 4 with the lowest energy (10 eV), (4) can be observed in both storm and non-storm periods, and (5) has a field-aligned distribution (α ~ 0° below the equator and α ~ 180° above the equator). In the presentation, we will show the analysis results in more detail and discuss their contribution to the O+ content of the inner magnetospheric plasma.