JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM19] Dynamics of the Inner Magnetospheric System

convener:Kunihiro Keika(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo ), Aleksandr Y Ukhorskiy(Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Lynn M Kistler(University of New Hampshire Main Campus)

[PEM19-23] Electric Field Effect on Proton Flux Response in South Atlantic Anomaly during Geomagnetic Storms

*Kirolosse Mina GIRGIS1,2, Tohru Hada3,4, Shuichi Matsukiyo3,4 (1.Department of Earth System Science and Technology (ESST), Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences (IGSES), Kyushu University, Japan , 2.Aerospace Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt, 3.Department of Advanced Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Japan, 4.International Center for Space Weather Science and Education (ICSWSE), Kyushu University, Japan)

Keywords:South Atlantic Anomaly, Geomagnetic storm, Tsyganenko model, Inductive electric field, Proton flux, Test particle simulations

In this research, we are studying proton flux variations in the inside the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) due to the inductive electric field computed by the time-varying background magnetic field provided by Tsyganenko model (TS05) during geomagnetic storm event of May 15, 2005. We have developed a 3D relativistic test particle simulation code using a guiding center theory, where the Tao-Chan-Brizard model was implemented. It is well-known that the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) is considered as a source of hazardousness for Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) environment. The objective of this investigation is to compute the proton flux variations in this critical zone to be able to estimate the corresponding radiation doses on spacecraft bodies, due to their passage inside the anomaly, and precisely, during intense geomagnetic storms. So far, it was found that during the main storm phase, the proton flux in the SAA varied greatly with respect to altitude and the protons could penetrate deeper toward the atmosphere by about 100 km. Numerical results were compared with satellite observations.