JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM20] Recent Advances in Ionosphere Observation and Modeling through New Observation Opportunities

convener:CHIYEN LIN(Center for Astronautical Physics and Engineering, National Central University, TAIWAN), Yen-Jung Wu(Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley), Yang-Yi Sun(China University of Geosciences), Charles Lin(Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University)

[PEM20-09] Extreme Ionospheric Response to a Minor Magnetic Storm in Deep Solar Minimum Revealed by Data Assimilation Results of FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 and GNSS Total Electron Content

*Charles Lin1, P. K. Rajesh1, CHIYEN LIN2, JANN-YENQ Liu3, Chia-Hung Chen1 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, 2.Center for Astronautical Physics and Engineering, National Central University, 3.Graduate Institute of Space Science and Engineering, National Central University)

Keywords:FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2, Ionosphere, Magnetic Storm

Global ionosphere specification (GIS) analysis results, wherein radio occultation total electron content (TEC) measurements of recently launched FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2) constellation and ground-based global navigation satellite system TEC are assimilated, are used to examine ionospheric responses to a minor magnetic storm on 5 August 2019. The GIS gives three-dimensional global electron density specification at the top of every hour, assimilating these TEC data hourly by the Gauss-Markov Kalman filter with the initial state specified by the international reference ionosphere model. The assimilation analysis results reveal more than 300% electron density enhancements within the equatorial ionization anomaly crest, mostly appearing in the 200–300 km altitude range. Localized density enhancements are also seen to develop over the European longitude sector. The GIS outputs generated with the new low-latitude measurements by F7/C2 satellites show unexpected extreme ionosphere variations in response to a minor magnetic storm during deep solar minimum conditions when the background electron density is very low. During solar active periods, it normally requires larger geomagnetic storms to elevate the ionospheric electron density by more than 200%. The vertical ionospheric structures given by the GIS indicate the role of an enhanced fountain effect and storm-induced equatorward circulations in producing the observed positive storm responses.