[PPS02-P11] Study of lunar 3-D terrain mapping using both the camera and the LIDAR loaded on the rover
Keywords:Lunar terrain, 3-D mapping, LIDAR, camera, rover
The accurate 3-D terrain map can provide the detailed frequency distribution of size of the boulder and its shape, geometries of the craters and relief of the surface around the site. This information helps us to investigate the formation process and age of the area. Then, we can utilize the map to select the scientific target with other sensor data and design the route of the rover to the target.
We have studied the method to construct the 3-D terrain map using the 3-D LIDAR point cloud data by the SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) algorithm, and we can construct the 3-D map with accuracy of a few – about 10 cm [Yamada et al., 2019]. On the other hand, the 3-D map consisting of only the LIDAR data is usually sparse especially in far range. The camera image can be used to complement the space and provide color information in the map. We have also studied the calibration method to match the camera image and the LIDAR point cloud data to construct the accurate 3-D map with high resolution [Yamada et al., 2020]. In this presentation, we will introduce the methods of 3-D map construction and calibration. Then, we will perform the mapping test using the both the camera and the LIDAR loaded on the wagon and/or the small rover in outside area and indicate the result of the 3-D map. Finally, we will also discuss the application of the method to the lunar science and exploration, operation of the rover and the future vision using the lunar rover.