JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS06] Science of Venus: Venus Express, Akatsuki, and beyond

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder), Hideo Sagawa(Kyoto Sangyo University), Thomas Widemann(Observatoire De Paris)

[PPS06-07] Wavelet analysis of gravity wave packets in Venus’ atmosphere using radio occultation temperature profiles

Ryota Mori1, *Takeshi Imamura1, Hiroki Ando2, Bernd Hausler3, Martin Patzold4, Silvia Tellmann4 (1.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 2.Faculty of Science, Kyoto Sangyo University, 3.Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen, Germany, 4.Universitat zu Koln, Germany)

Keywords:atmospheric gravity wave, Venus, wavelet analysis, radio occultation

Atmospheric gravity waves are thought to play crucial roles in transporting momentum and energy in planetary atmospheres. They are frequently observed as localized quasi-monochromatic wave packets in cloud images, while the vertical structures of the wave packets have not been investigated. The wavelengths and the periods of the wave packets should reflect their respective generation processes. Though wave packets are thought to propagate independently, they can be superposed on each other to induce an unstable field. The statistical characteristics of wave packets need to be known to understand the roles of the waves in the development of the atmospheric structure.

We study the characteristics of gravity wave packets in Venus’s atmosphere using high vertical resolution temperature profiles obtained by Venus Express and Akatsuki radio occultation experiments with radio holographic methods. Localized disturbances are extracted by applying wavelet transform to the vertical temperature distributions. The analysis showed that (1) wave packets having different wavelengths are overlapped with each other, (2) each wave packet typically includes 2-3 cycles, (3) waves with vertical wavelengths of ~1 km are dominant,(4) individual wave packets are hardly saturating in isolation, while saturation occurs as a result of superposition of wave packets, and (4) short-vertical wavelength waves are more frequently observed at lower altitudes.