Keywords:Oman ophiolite, Strontium isotope
The Oman ophiolite is one of the best exposed and preserved ophiolites on Earth. It preserves complete oceanic stratigraphy with a mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) underlain by sheeted dykes, gabbros and peridotites. Although the initial stage of its formation is still controversial (at a mid-ocean ridge or in supra-subduction zone), many geochemical evidences support that the Oman ophiolite was modified by arc magmatism. Here, we report strontium isotopic compositions of mantle peridotites in the Oman ophiolite. The peridotites are harzburgite considering their modal composition (~a few volume % clinopyroxene). We collected the harzburgites from the north to south massifs, covering entire the Oman ophiolite. All the data is age-corrected to 96Ma. The harzburgites from the northern Oman ophiolite are significantly higher in 87Sr/86Sr values than Cretaceous seawater (0.7076). Particularly, northernmost samples traversing northern Fizh mantle section from basal thrust to the crust/mantle boundary are characterized by homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr values (0.7078 to 0.7086) indicating the involvement of fluids with high 87Sr/86Sr in the mantle. On the contrary, lower 87Sr/86Sr values than Cretaceous seawater are dominant to the south, implying that the mantle was insufficiently modified by the fluids. The regional variation of 87Sr/86Sr values may be relevant to the contribution of pelagic sediment with elevated 87Sr/86Sr values derived from the subducting slab. This feature is consistent with the fact that the arc magmatism is only developed in the northern Oman ophiolite, e.g. discordant dunite channels in the mantle section and arc tholeiitic and boninitic extrusive rocks in the crustal section.