[SCG56-13] Knockout seawater –basalt experiments and its implications to hydrothermal alteration in midocean ridges
Keywords:basalt-seawater experiments, hydrothermal alteration of midocean ridge, chloritization
P-T conditions of the flow-through experiments are 400-410 degreeC and 38-39 MPa and with flow rate of 0.025 – 0.1 ml/min. Four series of experiments were conducted with different starting solutions; (1) distilled water, (2) NaCl aqueous solution, (3) NaCl + MgCl2aqueous solution, (4) analogue sulfate-precipitated seawater (hereafter, analogue seawater). The composition of the analogue seawater was set based on the fact that CaSO4 precipitates during the heating of seawater above 150 degreeC. We enclosed the power of basalt taken from Iceland. The contrasting behaviors in the evolution of solution chemistry and product minerals were found between experiments with distilled water and analogue seawater system. In the basalt-distilled water experiments, the concentrations of Si, Na and Al increased and pH (room T) increased from 6 to 9. The plagioclase grains (An60-80) is replaced by anorthite (An100) with abundant pores preferentially near inlet, and a small amount of chlorite formed downstream. These features indicates that preferential leaching of albite components occurred, and the other elements are small. In contrast, basalt-analogue seawater experiments, the Mg concentration decreased and Fe, Ca and Si increased, and pH decreased from 8 to to 3. In this experiments, Mg-chlorite replaced pyroxene and plagioclase throughout the reaction tube, and Fe-Ti oxide precipitates at downstream. The extensive chloritization is similar to those found in chloritites in Oman ophiolites. The PC scores plot based on the principal component analyses of the solutions of four types of Knockout experiments reveal that NaCl,aq is similar to distilled water, but NaCl+MgCl2,aq is similar to seawater. These features means that Mg, not NaCl, is a key factor controlling the extent of hydration and element budget during the hydrothermal alteration of midocean ridges.
Antonelli, M.A., Pester, N.J., Brown, S.T., DePaolo, D.J., 2017. Pros. Nat. Ac. Sci., 114, 12413-12418.