JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG56] ICDP Oman Drilling Project: Oman to Oceanic Lithosphere to Island Arc Formation and Beyond

convener:Eiichi TAKAZAWA(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Nagoya University), Sayantani Chatterjee(Niigata University, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science)

[SCG56-P13] High resolution X-ray computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy studies of inclusions in Oman podiform chromitite: implications for rapid cooling in Moho Transition Zone

*Yuan YAO1, Eiichi TAKAZAWA2,3, Sayantani CHATTERJEE2, Antonin RICHARD4, Christophe MORLOT4, Laura CRÉON5, Salim AL-BUSAIDI6, Katsuyoshi MICHIBAYASHI7 (1.Graduate School of Sciences & Technology, Niigata University, 2.Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, 3.Volcanoes and Earth’s Interior Research Center, Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Marine-earth Science and Technology, 4.Université de Lorraine, CNRS, GeoRessources lab, France, 5.Sorbonne Université, nstitut de Minéralogie, de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC), France, 6.Maadin Enterprises LLC, Oman, 7.Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Chromitite, Melt inclusion, Samail ophiolite, Oman Drilling Project

High-Cr# (= atomic Cr/[Cr + Al]) chromite has been observed as the lining of inclusions within the host chromite, and has been proposed to have originated as early crystallizing microcrystals[1]. These high-Cr# chromite lining, however, cannot be explained by the host chromite–melt reactions, and consequently its origin remains controversial. Moreover, the genesis and the evolution of the inclusions are poorly understood. In this study, we used high resolution x-ray computed tomography (HRXCT) combined with scanning electron microscope (SEM) to obtain 3D and 2D images of inclusions within chromites from the Samail ophiolite to investigate the evolution of melt inclusions within chromite.

The 3D HRXCT and SEM images showed the spatial distributions of inclusions and the skeletal morphology of the host chromite. Under the rapid cooling, the host chromites grew skeletal crystals to trap melt inclusions [2]. After trapping melt inclusions, the host chromite continued to grow on the inner wall of the inclusions [3]. This overgrowth may be recognized as a high-Cr# chromite lining. Many previous studies of the inclusions in chromites have ignored the influence of the formation of lining [4]. The initial Cr content of the melt inclusions should have been much higher than previously estimated, suggesting that the parental melt for the chromitite may have been highly enriched in Cr, being supersaturated in chromite. Moreover, the 3D distribution of inclusions in host chromite with skeletal morphology implies that the formation of inclusions depended on the cooling rate of chromite-forming melt, implying that the parental melt of the chromitite was rapidly cooled in the Moho Transition Zone.


[1] Borisova, A. Y., Ceuleneer, G., Kamenetsky, V. S., Arai, S., Béjina, F. and Abily, B. (2012). A New View on the Petrogenesis of the Oman Ophiolite Chromitites from Microanalyses of Chromite-hosted Inclusions. Journal of Petrology, 53, 2411–2440.

[2] Prichard, H. M., Barnes, S. J. and Godel, B. (2018). A mechanism for chromite growth in ophiolite complexes: evidence from 3D high-resolution X-ray computed tomography images of chromite grains in Harold’s Grave chromitite in the Shetland ophiolite. Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 457–470.

[3] Roedder, E. (1984). Fluid inclusions (Vol. 12). pp. 25–44, Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 49-60

[4] Rollinson, H., Mameri, L. and Barry, T. (2018). Polymineralic inclusions in mantle chromitites from the Oman ophiolite indicate a highly magnesian parental melt. Lithos, 310–311, 381–391.