[SCG57-P02] Changes in frictional properties of mud gouge with depth in the Nankai Trough accretionary prism
Keywords:frictional properties, mud gouge, Nankai Trough accretionary prism
The slide-hold-slide experiments show that the coefficient of static friction μs decreases from 0.37–0.38 at the 1000 mbsf condition to 0.30–0.31 at the 3000 mbsf condition, while it increases to 0.33–0.36 at the 5000 mbsf condition. Healing Δμ (increase in friction coefficient upon resuming sliding after a holding time th) was not noticeable at th ≦ 1000s during the 3000 mbsf condition experiment, while Δμ was recognized at th ≧ 100s during the other experiments. Δμ increases logarithmically with th, which was more prominent at the 5000 mbsf condition. Dehydration of smectite at the 3000 mbsf condition where temperature was 100°C possibly increased pore pressure in the impermeable gouge layer, which was responsible for the minimum μs and non-healing effect at th ≦ 1000s at this condition. While lithification of gouge particles by pressure solution was possibly responsible for increasing μs and Δμ with th at the 5000 mbsf condition where temperature was 150°C.
The rate-stepping experiments show that the steady-state friction coefficient μss also decreases from 0.32–0.35 at the 1000 mbsf condition to 0.29–0.31 at the 3000 mbsf condition, while it increases to 0.32–0.33 at the 5000 mbsf condition. The minimum μss at the 3000 mbsf condition is also attributable to dehydration of smectite as in the case of μs. a–b value (rate dependence of μss) decreases with depth from 0.0018–0.0062 at the 1000 mbsf condition to –0.0005–0.0017 at the 5000 mbsf condition, suggesting that a transition from aseismic faulting to seismic faulting occurs around the depth of 5000 mbsf at IODP Site C0002. Thus the megathrust supposed to be present at ≈5200 mbsf there is likely at a seismogenic condition. Dependence of a–b value not only on temperature but also on displacement rate suggests that thermally activated pressure solution is relevant to this change in frictional stability.