JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG58] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University)

[SCG58-04] Characteristics of tectonic tremors in the northern Mexican subduction zone remotely triggered by the 2017 Mw8.2 Tehuantepec earthquake

*Masatoshi Miyazawa1, Miguel A Santoyo2 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2.Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

Keywords:2017 Tehuantepec earthquake, tectonic tremor, dynamic triggering

Surface waves from the 2017 Mw8.2 Tehuantepec earthquake, Mexico, on September 8th, 2017 (UTC), remotely triggered tectonic tremors in the Jalisco region, approximately 1000 km WNW in the northern Mexican subduction zone, where no triggered tremor has been found previously. While prior studies found tectonic tremors triggered by teleseismic waves in subduction zones and plate boundaries, further investigation of tremor triggering is crucially important for understanding the causative mechanism. Given that the relatively low spatial coverage of the seismic network prevented the location of the triggered tremors, we calculate the stress and strain changes across the three-dimensional plate interface attributable to seismic waves from the 2017 Tehuantepec earthquake by full wavefield simulation. The maximum magnitude of the dynamic strain tensor eigenvalues on the plate interface, where tremors likely occur, is approximately 10-6. The subducting slab geometry effectively amplifies triggering waves. The triggering Coulomb failure stress changes resolved for a thrust fault plane consistent with the geometry are estimated at 10-50 kPa. The relationship between the triggering stress and triggered tremor amplitude may indicate that the of the rate-state-dependent friction law is 10-100 kPa.