JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG58] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University)

[SCG58-P32] Structural characteristics of the Nankai trough subduction zone off Kii channel revealed from densely obtained seismic reflection profiles

*Yasuyuki Nakamura1, Shuichi Kodaira1, Tetsuo No1, Yuka Kaiho1, Kazuya Shiraishi1, Gou Fujie1, Seiichi Miura1, Koichiro Obana1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Nankai Trough, seismic imaging

Shallow very low frequency events (SVLFEs) activity has been recently investigated using offshore and onshore stations in the Nankai Trough. SVLFEs have been active off the Kumano basin, off Kii channel and Cape Muroto, but not active off the western Kii peninsula. To explore possible structural factors relevant to the SVLFE activity, we conducted seismic surveys in the Nankai trough between off Cape Shionomisaki and Cape Muroto. Two seismic reflection surveys were conducted in November – December 2018 and December 2019 – January 2020 using R/V Kaimei and R/V Kairei. In total, 44 seismic reflection profiles across the trough axis were acquired with 4km separation. In addition, eight profiles along the trough axis were obtained. Pre-stack time migrated profiles from the data collected in the 2018 survey and post-stack time migrated profiles from the data obtained in the 2019 – 2020 survey were interpreted to map the structural features, e.g., top of the subducting oceanic crust, decollement, thrust faults. We observed the thickness of the sediments above the subducting oceanic crust is constant along the trough axis in the shallow most part of the Nankai subduction zone off the western Kii peninsula, where the SVLFE activity has been low. On the other hand, the thickness is variable off the Kii channel to Cape Muroto, where the SVLFE activity has been reported. The variation could be originated from the past subduction of the seamount and could be related to the local undulation of the subducting oceanic crust. Interpreted decollement in the shallow megathrust has positive polarity off the western Kii peninsula but shows negative off western Kii channel to Cape Muroto. We also recognized that the depth of the subducting oceanic crust could be greater in the landward portion of the survey area off the western Kii peninsula. Another local deep part of the subducting oceanic crust was detected around 32.7°N, 135°E where the SVLFE activity was reported to be lower.