[SCG59-02] Direct dating of faults by luminescence and ESR: Case studies from Japan and Switzerland
Keywords:fault gouge, direct dating, optically stimulated luminescence, electron spin resonance
In this study, we show our results of direct dating of fault gouges from the Simplon Fault, Switzerland, and the Atotsugawa Fault, Japan using luminescence and ESR. The Simplon Fault is a major, late orogenic, normal fault in the Alps, and the Atotsugawa Fault is a very active dextral strike slip fault, in central Japan.
The natural feldspar infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) signals from the Simplon Fault were indistinguishable from saturation, whereas the natural quartz ESR signal (Al centre) was not in saturation, yielding a preliminary equivalent dose value of ~1500 Gy. Our results suggest that by combining luminescence and ESR dating with different saturation limits, it is possible to narrow down the age range of the last seismic activity on the fault.
The apparent quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages from four gouge samples from the Atotsugawa Fault yielded a mean age of 38 ± 6 ka, which is about two order of magnitude older than the age of the last large earthquake, occurred in 1858 (~ 170 a). We measured the thermal decay of the OSL signal in the laboratory and converted the mean apparent age to a mean apparent temperature (Tapp), 54 ± 1 °C. We propose that Tapp could be used as a new metric to evaluate the activity of faults.