[SCG63-P19] Extensional stress conditions determined from the orientations of Middle Miocene dikes in the Kumano area
Keywords:fission-track age, tectonic stress, forearc magmatism
In the Kumano area, we observed 14 felsic dikes in the Early to early Middle Miocene Kumano Group and 151 mafic dikes in the early Middle Miocene Shionomisaki Igneous Complex. The uppermost part of the group interfingers with the basal part of the complex. The orientations of the dikes were inverted by fitting mixed Bingham distributions (Yamaji and Sato, 2011) to reveal the stress regime during their intrusions. The method determines three principal stress axes, stress ratio and non-dimensional magma pressure only from dike orientations. The method can determine one or a few stresses from non-parallel dikes.
As a result, the normal faulting stress regime with the ENE-WSW trending σ3-axis and a stress ratio of 0.14 was determined from the felsic dikes. The magma pressure was relatively low. The mafic ones had various trends, but those with NW trends were dominant. The normal faulting stress regime with NE-SW trending σ3-axis and a stress ratio of 0.50 was determined from the mafic dikes. The magma pressure was relatively high. We obtained the zircon fission-track ages of 14.5 ± 1.4 Ma and 13.9 ± 1.4 Ma from two felsic dikes. The microfossil and fission-track ages (Ikebe et al., 1975; Hoshi et al., 2003) indicate that both types of dikes intruded from 14.5 to ~13 Ma. Therefore, the area was affected by NE-SW to ENE-WSW extensional stress after 15 Ma. The folding probably postdated the magmatism.