JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG64] Crust-mantle connections

convener:Yoshihiko Tamura(Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology), Osamu Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

[SCG64-08] The Renaissance of the oldest oceanic plate: Perspective of REY-rich mud as a paleoceanographic archive in a pelagic realm of the Pacific Ocean

★Invited Papers

*Erika Tanaka1, Kazutaka Yasukawa2,1,3, Kentaro Nakamura1, Junichiro Ohta2,3, Tatsuo Nozaki4,2,5,3, Yoichi Usui4, Koichiro Fujinaga3,2, Koichi Iijima4, Yasuhiro Kato2,1,3 (1.Department of Systems Innovation, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.Frontier Research Center for Energy and Resources, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 3.Ocean Resources Research Center for Next Generation, Chiba Institute of Technology, 4.Submarine Resources Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Department of Planetology, Faculty of Science, Kobe University)

Keywords:REY-rich mud, Minamitorishima Island, paleoenvironmental change, pelagic clay

Deep-sea sediments showing a high concentration of rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY) are widely distributed in the Pacific Ocean [1]. Recently, the REY-rich mud extremely enriched in REY (up to 8,000 ppm of total REY) was discovered around Minamitorishima Island in the western North Pacific Ocean, and its spatial distribution has been investigated diligently based on 71 piston cores collected by seven research cruises since 2013 [2–7]. These REY-rich muds are composed of pelagic clay, which have characteristic chemical compositions and isotopic ratios reflecting transition of constituents and oceanic environments [1]. In addition, the extremely REY-rich mud is characterized by a significant accumulation of ichthyolith (fish teeth and bones) [2,4]. This suggests that REY-rich mud contains remarkable fluctuations of sedimentary components, implying an important aspect of pelagic clay as an efficient medium for recording some biological and/or sedimentological events in a pelagic realm. We have recently established a method to correlate the apparently homogenous pelagic clay layers based on multi-elemental geochemical features [8], which can provide a key to reveal various (paleo-)environmental information latent in the deep-sea sediments.
However, the piston cores do not cover all the sedimentary history of REY-rich mud because of the short length (~12 m each) [4]. Meanwhile, previous DSDP and ODP cores drilled in the Minamitorishima area (e.g. DSDP Site 198, ODP Sites 800 and 801) captured no sedimentary layer comparable to the extremely REY-rich mud, which is most likely due to poor recovery of the sediment column [9,10].
Here we propose a new scientific drilling of pelagic clay in the western North Pacific Ocean. The purpose of the drilling is (1) to obtain the complete sedimentary sequence of pelagic clay from the late Cretaceous to the present day, (2) to complete the ichthyolith- and REY-enrichment layers lying in the area and (3) to elucidate environmental and ecological factors that related to the formation of REY-rich mud.

[1] Kato et al. (2011) Nature Geoscience, 4, 535–539. [2] Iijima et al. (2016) Geochemical Journal, 50, 557–573. [3] Fujinaga et al. (2016) Geochemical Journal, 50, 575–590. [4] Ohta et al. (2016) Geochemical Journal, 50, 591–603. [5] Nakamura et al. (2016) Geochemical Journal, 50, 605–619. [6] Takaya et al. (2018) Scientific Reports, 8, 5763. [7] Yasukawa et al. (2018) Ore Geology Review, 102, 260–267. [8] Tanaka et al. Ore Geology Reviews, in press. [9] Lancelot et al. (1990) Initial Reports of ODP, 129, 33–89. [10] Heezen et al. (1973) Initial Reports of DSDP, 20, 51–63.