JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG64] Crust-mantle connections

convener:Yoshihiko Tamura(Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology), Osamu Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

[SCG64-09] REY-rich mud in the western North Pacific Ocean: An overview and implication for Earth system dynamics

★Invited Papers

*Yasuhiro Kato1,2, Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Junichiro Ohta1,2, Erika Tanaka1, Kazuhide Mimura1, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Kentaro Nakamura1 (1.Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 2.ORCeNG, Chiba Institute of Technology)

Keywords:seafloor mineral resources, rare-earth elements, REY-rich mud, deep-sea sediment, Earth system

Deep-sea mud enriched in rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY), termed as REY-rich mud, has been expected as a novel mineral resource for the industrially critical elements. Moreover, the discovery of extremely REY-rich mud with the maximum total REY content of ~8,000 ppm in the Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around Minamitorishima Island, in the western North Pacific Ocean, makes it realistic to develop the highly promising deep-sea mineral resource commercially in near future.
Here we overview the progress of our researches on the REY-rich mud within the Minamitorishima EEZ towards the world’s first development of deep-sea mineral resources. Moreover, we also discuss the controlling factor(s) of the formation and distribution of the extremely REY-rich mud. Our accumulation and integration of the scientific knowledge strongly suggest an intrinsic linkage between the genesis of deep-sea mineral resources and Earth system dynamics such as climate changes, ocean circulation, plate tectonics, and global geochemical cycles.