JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM20] Electric and Electromagnetic survey technologies and the scientific achievements: Recent advances

convener:Kiyoshi Baba(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Tada-nori Goto(Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo), Toshihiro Uchida(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Toru Mogi(Faculty of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

[SEM20-05] Global electrical conductivity model of Miyake-jima: insights into its hydrothermal and magmatic system

*Marceau Gresse1, Takao Koyama1, Makoto Ueshima1, Yuichi Morita1, Yoichi Sasai2, Jacques Zlotnicki3, Tsuneo Ishido4, Hideaki Hase5, Wataru Kanda6, Koki Aizawa7, Derek Weller1, Tawat Rung-Arunwan8, Yasuo Matsunaga6, Hideki Ueda9, Maki Hata1, Yusuke Yamaya10 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, 2.Earthquake Prediction Research Centre, Tokai University, Shizuoka, Japan, 3.CNRS, OPGC-UMR6524, Aubière, France, 4.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba Ibaraki, Japan, 5.Geothermal Energy Research & Development Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 6.Tokyo Institute of Technology School of Science, Tokyo, Japan, 7.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, 8.Curl-E Geophysics Co., Ltd., Thailand, 9.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience, Tsukuba, Japan, 10.Renewable Energy Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Fukushima, Japan)

Keywords:Hydrothermal system, Magnetotellurics, Miyake-jima, Electrical conductivity, Volcano

Measuring the electrical conductivity of rocks is an efficient tool used to investigate volcanoes at depth. Broadband Magnetotellurics is the only technique capable of retrieving electrical conductivity structures from shallow to great depth. Hence, it is a central method in the characterization of volcanic edifices at a global scale.

Here, we present the electrical conductivity model of the Miyake-jima volcano obtained from 13 broadband magnetotelluric stations deployed in 2012. We reveal a sharp contrast between the resistive vadose-zone and its underlying conductive hydrothermal system. By combining the electrical conductivity model with hypocenters distributions, surface temperature and CO2 surveys, we highlight the shallow plumbing system of the volcano: deep magmatic fluids rise through a narrow path, interact with the hydrothermal system before being finally released in the main fumarolic area inside the caldera.