[SGC48-01] Spatial distribution of halogen compositions near the paleo slab-mantle wedge boundary, example from the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt
Keywords:Subduction zone, Halogen, Sanbagawa metamorphic belt
To analyze halogens contained in rocks with low concentrations, samples were neutron irradiated at the Kyoto University Research Reactor to convert halogens (37Cl, 79Br and 127I) into noble gas isotopes (38Ar, 80Kr,128Xe), which have lower detection limit. The extraction (crushing and heating) and measurement were conducted by magnetic sector mass spectrometer at the University of Tokyo.
The halogen data of fluids derived from crush extraction (thought to be fluid inclusions) show relatively high I/Cl ratios with stable Br/Cl ratios. These features are distinct from the fluid of normal mantle and altered ocean crust but are similar with data for mantle wedge peridotites exhumed from ~100 km depth (Sumino et al, 2010), which are considered to partially preserve the signals of sedimentary pore fluids.
In addition, for the crush extraction, the serpentinite body shows overall decreasing I/Cl ratios with increasing distance from the slab-wedge mantle boundary, and this trend is discontinuous at the boundary. The halogen data derived from heat extraction show a similar spatial distribution but with lower I/Cl ratios for all samples.
The high I/Cl values in the mantle wedge are not explicable by the adjacent slab data. Alternatively, it can be explained by progressive dilution of an original fluid with high I/Cl, as it was transported through the slab-wedge mantle interface, and penetrated upward into the mantle wedge, where it was mixed with mantle-derived fluid with low I/Cl. This model implies that the original fluid was derived from the deeper part of subduction zone rather than the immediately adjacent and structurally underlying sediment, which is in good agreement with some previous studies on dehydration processes and fluid flow in subduction zones.