[SGC48-P03] Noble gas composition in hot spring gas in Shikine Island, Izu–Bonin volcanic arc, Japan
Keywords:Noble gas composition, Sikine Island, Hot spring gas
Geochemical features of volcanic gas provide important information on both the current status of cooling magma batches intruding the upper crust and interaction processes taking place between rising fluids and hosting rocks. Especially, noble gases have great potential as tracers for mantle sources and fingerprinting of geothermal reservoirs (Pinti et al., 2013, JVGR), because the noble gases in the gas are derived from three potential sources: the crust, the mantle, and the atmosphere. We report noble gas composition of hot spring free gases collected from 2 sites (Mikawa-bay and Jinata-hot spring) in coastal area of southern Shikine island during 2016 to 2019.
The measured 3He/4He ratios were corrected for atmospheric contamination based on 4He/20Ne ratios. The air-corrected 3He/4He ratios ranged from 7.8 to 8.0 Ra, where 1 Ra denotes atmospheric 3He/4He ratio of 1.4×10-6 (Ozima and Podosek, 2002, Noble Gas Geochemistry). This value is similar to that (8±1 Ra) of the upper mantle estimated from mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB). The 20Ne/22Ne and 21Ne/22Ne ratios of the samples ranged from 9.86 to 9.93 and from 0.0292 to 0.0294, respectively, which are totally similar to the atmospheric component (9.80 for 20Ne/22Ne and 0.0290 for 21Ne/22Ne; Ozima and Podosek, 2002). The 38Ar/36Ar ratios or 0.187–0.189 were also atmospheric (0.188; Ozima and Podosek, 2002). In contrast, the 40Ar/36Ar ratios ranging from 297 to 300, were slightly higher than that of the atmosphere component (296.0; Nier, 1950, Physical Review), suggesting that they reflect the gas source.
Noble gas relative abundances are given using the F-value notation (Ozima and Podosek, 2002) in which measured abundances are normalized to the air abundance with 36Ar as the reference isotope, i.e., F(i)=(i/36Ar)sample / (i/36Ar)atmosphere. Some researchers suggested that the relative abundances in fumaroles and hot-spring gases in geothermal area reflect elemental fractionation during boiling and steam separation at hydrothermal temperatures (Pinti et al., 2013 JVGR). The condensation temperature in the present area is estimated as about 150°C adopting the model of batch fractionation using an initial air saturated seawater end-member at 25°C to the observed F(20Ne) and F(132Xe).