JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC48] Volatiles in the Earth - from Surface to Deep Mantle

convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics), Gray E Bebout(Lehigh University), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SGC48-P04] Helium and CO2 fluxes in Wakamiko caldera

*Ma. Teresa Escobar1, Naoto Takahata1, Kotaro Shirai1, Takanori Kagoshima1, Kentaro Tanaka1, Hajime Obata1, Yuji Sano1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Helium Isotopes, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrothermal Vents

Wakamiko caldera is part of the active volcanic arc system situated in Kagoshima Bay. It is closely being monitored because it has the potential for a destructive eruption. In this study, we collected seawater and sediment pore water samples within Wakamiko caldera and nearby sites around Kagoshima Bay in 2015. Helium isotopes, which are good geochemical tracers for sources of fluids, were measured to know the composition and origin of the hydrothermal effluents. Gas composition, including carbon and nitrogen isotopes, was also analyzed to understand the provenance of the dissolved gases in the pore water. This is the first report on the dissolved gases in sediment pore water in Wakamiko caldera.

Helium isotopic ratios in both seawater and sediment pore water show a mixture of air saturated seawater (~1Ra) and magma source with ~7Ra. This means the origin of excess helium-3 in bottom water is same as that in sediment. This trend is similar to previous studies in 2010 and 2014, which indicate that hydrothermal activity is stable in this period. The 3He and 4He fluxes derived from this study are 13.7 - 18.4 atoms/cm2s and 1.51 - 1.54 x106 atoms/cm2s, respectively. These estimates reflect background diffusion of helium in the Wakamiko caldera. Measurement of gas composition showed that the pore waters are CO2 rich and stable carbon isotope analysis revealed that the CO2 in the system is a mixture of biogenic sources and magmatic volatiles similar to that of Mt. Sakurajima. Finally, the estimated average magmatic CO2 flux from the submerged caldera is 1.41 x 105 mol/yr.