JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC48] Volatiles in the Earth - from Surface to Deep Mantle

convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics), Gray E Bebout(Lehigh University), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SGC48-P05] Noble gas isotope compositions of mafic phenocrysts in the Stage 3 lavas of Kusatsu-Shirane Volcano

★Invited Papers

*Nobuko Kametani1,2, Hirochika Sumino3, Kenta Ueki4, Morihisa Hamada4, Yasuo Ishizaki5 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, 2.Mount Fuji Research Institute Yamanashi Prefectural Government, 3.Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 4.Research Institute for Marine Geodynamics, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Faculty of Sustainable Design, University of Toyama)

Keywords:noble gas, isotope ratio, Kusatsu-Shirane Volcano

Kusatsu-Shirane Volcano is an active volcano, composed of two composite pyroclastic cones (Mt. Shirane and Mt. Motoshirane). Typical eruptions at Kusatsu-Shirane during the last 140 years were phreatic eruptions, and the first historic phreatic eruption at Mt. Motoshirane occurred on 23 January, 2018. The chemical and isotopic compositions of volcanic gases can be useful indicator of volcanic activity because it can be a geochemical tracer for the contributions of various components such as magma, crust and atmosphere, and the degree of magma degassing. The air-corrected 3He/4He ratio of Sessho-gawara fumarole, located on 2 km east of the 2018 phreatic vent, had been constant at 7.0-7.5 Ra during 2014 and 24 January 2018, and dropped to 6.5 Ra on 13 February 2018 [1]. Therefore, Toyama et al. [1] expected that the low 3He/4He ratios observed after the 2018 eruption may reflect relative increase of the contribution of gas supplied from the Mt. Motoshirane hydrothermal reservoir which may have low 3He/4He ratio. However, the relationship of noble gas isotopic compositions between possible end-member components such as volcanic gas and evolved crustal magma and mantle-derived mafic magma, which is the possible source of hydrothermal fluid, is poorly understood. In order to obtain information on the noble gas isotopic ratios of mafic and evolved crustal magmas, we analyzed mafic phenocrysts in lavas erupted during the Stage 3 (after 16 ka [2]).

We report the noble gas (He, Ne, Ar) isotopic ratios of mafic phenocrysts (ol, opx, cpx) in the andesitic lavas of Kusatsu-Shirane Volcano. The lavas analyzed in this study were Kagusa Lava erupted from Mt. Shirane, and Sessho Lava and Furikozawa Lava both erupted from Mt. Motoshirane. After fragmentation of these lavas using SELFRAG Lab (High-voltage pulsed power selective fragmentation system) installed at JAMSTEC, about 100 mg each phenocryst was separated by hand picking. Noble gas (He, Ne, Ar) isotope analysis was conducted using a mass spectrometer installed at the University of Tokyo. In-vacuo crushing method was used for extraction of noble gases [3].

The preliminary 3He/4He ratios were as follows: cpx in Furikozawa Lava was 6.0 ± 0.9 Ra; ol in Furikozawa Lava was 11.0 ± 2.6 Ra; and ol in Sessho Lava was 8.3 ± 0.5 Ra. These values are similar to the 3He/4He ratio of volcanic gases such as Kitagawa fumaroles on the northern flank of Mt Shirane (average 7.6 Ra) and Sessho-gawara fumaroles (average 7.2 Ra) [1]. The 4He/40Ar* ratios (Ar* denotes non-atmospheric 40Ar) were as follows: ol and cpx in Furikozawa Lava were 0.14 and 0.62, respectively; opx in Kagusa Lava was 0.22; and ol in Sessho Lava was 0.65. In contrast, Kitagawa fumaroles were 9.4 and Sessho-gawara fumaroles were 3.9. Because He is more soluble than Ar within silicate melt, 4He/40Ar* ratio of magma would increase as it degasses. Using 4He/40Ar* ratios as the index for the degree of magma degassing, Sessho Lava was slightly more degassed than Furikozawa Lava and Kagusa Lava. In contrast, the values observed in current fumaroles suggest that volcanic gas is derived from magma that is significantly degassed compared to magmas that have crystallized mafic minerals. These results suggest that 4He/40Ar* ratio of volcanic gas has a potential to be a good indicator to monitor degassing stage of magma and/or replenishment of undegassed primitive magma to a shallow magma chamber. As the above-mentioned data are preliminary, we will discuss more in details by analyzing more samples.

References: [1] Toyama et al., JpGU2019, SVC38-P07, 2019. [2] Takahashi et al., Proc. Inst. Nat. Sci. Nihon Univ. 2010. [3] Sumino et al., J. Mass Spectrom. Soc. Jpn. 2001.