JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC49] Solid Earth Geochemistry, Cosmochemistry

convener:Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Submarine Resources Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsuyuki Yamashita(Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University), Akira Ishikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

[SGC49-10] Bulk Os isotopes and Highly shiderophile elemens abundance of Hawaiian mantle xenoliths

*Ryo Fujita1, Akira Ishikawa1, Tetsuya Yokoyama1, Michael O. Garcia2 (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.University of Hawaii)

Keywords:Hawaii, Xenolith, Os isotope

Mantle xenoliths from the Salt Lake Crater (SLC), Oahu, Hawaii Islands have been studied intensively to understand the petrography and chemistry of sub-oceanic mantle [1, 2]. However, the origin of SLC xenoliths, which derived either from pre-existing oceanic lithosphere or accreted plume materials co-genetically related to the Hawaiian shield volcanoes, remains unclear because the SLC xenoliths are strongly metasomatized as evidenced by their identical Sr-Nd-Pb isotope compositions with those of the Honolulu Volcanics (HV) magma [3]. Here we investigate the abundances of highly siderophile elements (HSEs) and Re-Os isotope systematics of the peridotite xenoliths from the SLC and Kaula Island located in the southwest of Niihau. These geochemical tracers are considered to be relatively immune to secondary effects, which enables to unravel the primary signatures of the Hawaiian mantle xenoliths.

Whole-rock samples of the peridotite xenoliths from the SLC and Kaula Island possess similar petrological and geochemical characteristics regarding the variations in the abundances of major and trace elements as well as the HSE ratios. The variations of these parameters (e.g., Ca, Al, Yb, V, and Pd/Ir) show broad positive correlations against the whole-rock 187Os/188Os ratios (0.115-0.128), indicating that the peridotites are residues of variable degrees of melting. Unlike global abyssal peridotites, a substantial proportion of the mantle xenoliths from the SLC and Kaula Island (36%) are characterized by unradiogenic 187Os/188Os ratios (< 0.12). Moreover, the unradiogenic samples show trends clearly resolvable from those of the global abyssal peridotites in the diagrams of Ca, Al, Yb, V, and Pd/Ir versus 187Os/188Os ratios. Taken together, it is conceivable that the peridotite xenoliths from the SLC and Kaula Island represent ancient depleted components in a chemically heterogeneous mantle plume as proposed by previous studies [4, 5].

[1] White (1966) Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 12, 245-314. [2] Frey (1980) Am. J. Sci. 280-A, 427-449. [3] Okano & Tatsumoto (1995) Earth Processes 135-147. [4] Bizimis et al. (2007) EPSL 257, 259-273. [5] Ishikawa et al. (2011) EPSL 301, 159-170.