[SGD01-P10] Crustal deformation by the 2019 Typhoon Hagibis: High time-resolution study
Keywords:Crustal deformation, Typhoon Hagibis, GNSS
In this paper, we concentrate on high time resolution crustal deformation, and use the 5 min solution from the UNR data base to study sub-daily vertical coordinate changes in four regions, Izu (R1), Boso (R2), Fukushima (R3), and Jo’etsu (R4) (Fig.1a). To reduce the noise, we calculated 1h-average and 6h-average coordinates and show their time series in Fig.lb. The station J620 (0620) in region R1 showed that the station started to subside by up to ~2 cm on 11 October, corresponding to the day of the year (DOY) 284, one day before the Typhoon Hagibis made landfall. It recovered to the original position on 12 October (DOY 285) (days and times are all in UT). Conversely, station I025 (3025) in region R2 did not show significant subsidence on 12 October. Station G176 (1176) in region R3 showed a large subsidence of 2-3 cm during 12 October. Station J820 (0820) showed a subsidence of ~2 cm over a longer duration, starting on 12 October and lasting until 13 October (DOY 286).
From these results, we can study distribution of stormwater load and its decay by draining to ocean as was done by Milliner et al. (2018) in USA. These results demonstrate that the dense GPS network is a useful sensor to understand water dynamics associated with extreme weather events with high spatial and temporal resolution.