JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL33] Geologic structure and tectonic history of East Asia and Japanese Islands

convener:Jun Hosoi(Geological Survey of Japan, Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, AIST), Makoto Otsubo(Geological Survey of Japan, Research Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology)

[SGL33-P09] North-South extension and compression juring the Japan Sea opening in the Amakusa, western Kyushu, Japan

*Kentaro Ushimaru1, Atsushi Yamaji1 (1.Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University )

Keywords:stress, Japan Sea opening, dike, Kyushu, Okinawa Trough

The opening of theJapan Sea in the early to middle Miocene was believed to be accompanied by compressional tectonics at its southwestern margin, i.e., northern and western Kyushu, Japan; and the compression resulted in the folds in Tsushima Island between Korea and Kyushu and in Amakusa Islands, western Kyushu (Ishikawa and Tagami, 1991; Sakai, 1993). Eocene formations are folded with NNE-trending axes in Amakusa. In the present work, we collected orientation data from planar intrusive bodies in Amakusa-Shimoshima Island to test their hypothesis.

We observed altered andesite intrusions, i.e., 50 dikes and 18 sills. Their ages are loosely constrained to be 14–20 Ma by the radiometric ages of intrusive bodies in Amakusa (Nagao et al., 1992; Hamasaki, 1996) The method of Yamaji and Sato (2011), which fits a mixed Bingham distribution to the orientations of planar intrusions, was applied to the 68 data. As a result, we obtained normal-faulting and reverse-faulting stress regimes, indicating N-S extensiona and N-S compression. The latter is oblique to the fold axes, so that the previous researchers’ hypothesis about the folding accompanied by the Japan Sea opening is improbable. A few NNE-trending rhyolitic dikes in the island led Yamamoto (1991) to suggest horizontal maximam stress in the trend. The rhyolitic dikes may have been accompanied by the first phase rifting in the Okinawa Trough to the southwest of the island.