JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL34] Geochronology and Isotope Geology

convener:Takahiro Tagami(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SGL34-10] Dating of sedimentary rock in Labrador, Canada

katsutaka sudo1, Takanori Kagoshima1, Naoto Takahata1, *Yuji Sano1, Yusuke Sawaki2, Tsuyoshi Komiya2, David Bekaert3, Michael Broadley3, Bernard Marty3 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Arts and Science, University of Tokyo, 3.Le Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques, Université de Lorraine)

Keywords:U-Pb dating, K-Ar dating, Xinon isotope dating, Sedimentary rock, Labrador, Canada

The vestiges of life in Eoarchean rocks have the potential to elucidate the origin of life. We have reported carbon isotopes of graphite and carbonate in the oldest metasedimentary rocks from northern Labrador [1]. Based on the difference of δ13C values up to 25 permil, we claimed the oldest evidence of organisms greater than 3.95 Ga in the pelitic rock. The oldest age was estimated by geological field observation in the region [2]. The absolute age of the sample which contained biogenic graphite has not yet been determined. We present here results of conventional age determination of the pelitic rock using ion microprobe U-Pb dating of apatite and K-Ar dating of whole rock. In addition, we carry out xenon isotope dating of whole rock by a method recently developed by research group in CRPG, Nancy [3]. These ages are not concordant each other because their closure temperatures are different, which may give a constraint on thermal and metamorphic history of the sample [4].

[1] Tashiro et al., 2017, Nature 549, 516-518. [2] Komiya et al., 2015, Tectonophysics 662, 40-66. [3] Bekaert et al., 2018, Sci. Adv. 4, eaar2019 [4] Sano et al., 1999, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 63, 899-905.