JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT23] Property and role of liquids inside terrestrial planets

convener:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University, Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence)

[SIT23-01] A multifaceted experimental approach to studying silicate liquids under high pressure

★Invited Papers

Young Jay Ryu1, *Yanbin Wang1, Tony Yu1, Vitali Prakapenka1, Zhicheng Jing6, Man Xu5, Clemens Prescher2, Eran Greenberg1, Sergey Tkachev1, Heather Watson3, Yoshio Kono4, Peter Eng1, Joanne Stubbs1 (1.Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA, 2.DESY, FS-PS, Hamburg, Germany, 3.Union College, NY, USA, 4.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan, 5.Case Western Reserve University, OH, USA, 6.Southern University of Science and technology, Guangdong, China)

Keywords:liquid structure and properties, High pressure, Synchrotron radiation

We have developed a range of experimental techniques at GSECARS beamlines of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) to study structures and physical properties of liquids and glasses under high pressure. A Paris-Edinburgh press (PEP) is used to study structures of silicate liquids using monochromatic x-ray diffraction. A multichannel collimator (MCC) is inplemented with the PEP to minimize background scattering of the pressure media used in the high-pressure cell. Structural data have been collected at pressure and temperature conditions up to 7 GPa and 2300 K, respectively, on MgSiO3, CaSiO3, and MgCaSi2O6 liquids. Acoustic velocity measurements are conducted in a Kawai apparatus. Relaxed acoustic velocities of MgCaSi2O6 liquid have been measured to 4 GPa and 2400 K, to constrain equation of state for this liquid. To complement these data on liquids from the large-volume press, diamond-anvil cell experiments are conducted on glasses (supercooled liquids) to 70 GPa, using both synchrotron x-ray diffraction and micro-Raman spectroscopy. While the x-ray diffraction technique provides information on time- and volume-average atomic arrangements of liquids and glasses, Raman spectroscopy senses local atomic interactions. With the two techniques combined, more information can be extracted to understand structural response to pressure. Brillouin scattering is then used to examine unrelaxed elastic response of glasses to pressure. Such responses are then correlated with Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction observations to understand the impact of pressure on structural evolution and physical properties. We will present new data on MgSiO3 liquid and glass to demonstrate the power of this multifaceted approach.