JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT23] Property and role of liquids inside terrestrial planets

convener:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University, Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence)

[SIT23-05] X-ray diffraction measurements on aluminosilicate glasses at ultrahigh-pressure conditions

*Itaru Ohira1,2, Yoshio Kono1,2, Yu Shu3, Yuki Shibazaki4,5, Curtis Kenney-Benson3, Rostislav Hrubiak3, Atsunobu Masuno6, Guoyin Shen3 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2.Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 3.High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT), X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 4.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences (FRIS), Tohoku University, 5.International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 6.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University)

Keywords:Aluminosilicate glass, Ultrahigh-pressure, Double-stage cell, X-ray diffraction, Magma at the core-mantle boundary region

Knowledge about the pressure-induced structural changes in magmas, natural silicate melts, near the pressure conditions of the Earth’s core-mantle boundary (CMB) region is important in understanding the buoyancy and motion of magmas at the CMB. However, such knowledge is still scarce due to challenges in the experiments on silicate melts at the extreme pressure and temperature conditions of the CMB. Investigation of structures of silicate glasses, considered analogues of silicate melts, is one of the ways to address this issue. Efforts have been made to understand the structures at >100 GPa in silicate glasses using the diamond anvil cell (DAC) by using Brillouin scattering (e.g., Murakami and Bass, 2010) and X-ray diffraction methods (e.g., Prescher et al., 2017). However, there are still challenges to collect structural information of amorphous materials inside DAC because the sample volume of DAC is normally very small.

The opposed type double-stage large volume cell developed in Paris–Edinburgh (PE) press can provide a capability of ultrahigh-pressure generation using a large volume sample (~100 times larger than DAC sample) with a wide solid angle access for X-ray diffraction (2θmax = 35°). This advanced capability makes an advantage in measuring structure factor S(Q) of glass under ultrahigh-pressures. The maximum pressure generation by the double-stage cell depends on the culet sizes of the 2nd-stage diamond anvils (e.g., Kono et al., 2020). Using the 0.5 mm culet anvil design, we succeeded in generating pressure of 131 GPa, comparable to the pressure of the CMB (Ohira et al., 2019).

We have investigated ultrahigh-pressure structural changes in aluminosilicate glasses using the opposed type double-stage cell combined with a multi-angle energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction technique. A 60 mol% Al2O3–40 mol% SiO2 glass shows that its T–O (T = Si, Al) length starts to deviate from the linear compression trend above ~110 GPa and becomes constant at 110–121 GPa, implying the increase of average Al–O CN from 6 to >6. On the other hand, a basaltic glass does not show a plateau of T–O length under compression, while there are marked changes in the short and long T–T peaks in the pair distribution function g(r), which is assigned as the distances between corner-sharing TOx polyhedra and between edge-sharing polyhedra, respectively. Our results show that the basaltic glass transforms gradually from the corner-sharing dominant structure to the edge-sharing dominant structure up to 120 GPa, similar to MgSiO3 glass (Kono et al., 2018). Our result implies that the processes of ultrahigh-pressure structural changes in the magmas at the CMB varies depending on their chemical compositions.

This work was performed at HPCAT (Sector 16), Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). HPCAT operations are supported by DOE-NNSA’s Office of Experimental Sciences. The APS is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by ANL under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. This research was supported the National Science Foundation under Award No. EAR-1722495 to Y.K. G.S. acknowledges the support of DOE-BES/ DMSE under Award DE-FG02-99ER45775. Y.S. acknowledges the support of JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 15K17784. I.O. thanks the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) for JSPS Overseas Research Fellowships.

Kono et al. (2018) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115, 1742–1747.
Kono et al. (2020) High Press. Res. DOI: 10.1080/08957959.2019.1710744.
Murakami and Bass (2010) Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 025504.
Ohira et al. (2019) Geochem. Persp. Let. 10, 41–45.
Prescher et al. (2017) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114, 10041–10046.