JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT26] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

convener:Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

[SIT26-P05] Seismic structure near the inner core boundary in the north polar region

*Toshiki Ohtaki1, Satoru Tanaka2, Satoshi Kaneshima3, Weerachai Siripunvaraporn4,5, Songkhun Boonchaisuk5,6, Sutthipong Noisagool4,5, Kenji Kawai7, Taewoon Kim2, Yuki Suzuki7, Yasushi Ishihara2, Koji MIYAKAWA8, Nozomu Takeuchi8, Hitoshi Kawakatsu8 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 4.Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Kingdom of Thailand, 5.ThEP Center, Commission on Higher Education, Kingdom of Thailand, 6.Geoscience Program, Mahidol University, Kingdom of Thailand, 7.Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 8.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:P-wave velocity, inner core, heterogeneity

The upper inner core of the Earth has quasi-hemispherical heterogeneity [Tanaka and Hamaguchi, JGR 1997]. A region that occupies a smaller area, called as 'East', has higher P-wave velocity and attenuation and smaller anisotropy compared with the rest, which is called as 'West'. To determine the boundary between these two regions at high latitudes, we analyze waveforms from Central America earthquakes observed at temporal broadband seismic network in Thailand (Thai Seismic Array; TSAR) [Tanaka et al., Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 2019]. Rays from C. America earthquakes to the network pass in the inner core, and have their turning points near 180°E in the north polar region, which is close to the supposed boundary by several seismic studies. We pick differential traveltimes between PKPbc, which turn in the lower outer core, and PKIKP, which turn in the inner core, on the waveforms, and obtain differential residuals relative to ray-theoretical values predicted by PREM. The observed residuals are compared with those for global models and regional inner core models which represent 'East', 'West', and the South Pole. The residuals are also compared with residuals of South America earthquakes observed in Japan, which sample the 'western' upper inner core.