JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT26] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

convener:Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

[SIT26-P08] The tungsten isotopic compositions of kimberlites: constraints on material circulation in the deep Earth

*Otaro Kobayashi1, Tsuyoshi Iizuka1, Hatsuki Enomoto1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:tungsten isotope, kimberlite

The short-lived 182Hf-182W isotopic system (182Hf → 182W + β-) has been widely used to probe early differentiation events (e.g.metal-silicate segregation and silicate differentiation). Since 182Hf has a short half-life of 8.9 Myr (Vockenhuber et al., 2004), it decayed into 182W during the first 60 Myr of the solar system’s history. Given that W is moderately siderophile, it preferentially partitioned into the Earth’s core during its segregation. Hf, in contrast, is lithophile and is retained in the silicate portion of the Earth. As a result, the 182W/184W ratio of the Earth’s core is estimated to be ~220 ppm lower than the terrestrial mantle (Touboul et al., 2012). In addition, early silicate differentiation could have also created the variation in 182W/184W ratios. Since W is more incompatible than Hf, an “early depleted reservoir” may have an excess in 182W and, in contrast, its complementary “early enriched reservoir” (EER) may have a deficit in that value.

Mundl et al. (Mundl et al., 2017) reported negative μ182W (deviations in ppm from the 182W/184W isotopic composition of the terrestrial standard) values in oceanic island basalts (OIB) which negatively correlate with 3He/4He. This result suggests that there exist early-differentiated reservoirs in the present-day deep mantle, since OIB are considered to have their sources in the lower mantle. Several processes have been proposed to explain the deficits in 182W, for example, core-mantle interaction and the contribution from the EER. However, none of the hypothesis can satisfy geochemical constraints. This study provides new constraints on this issue by investigating plume-derived rocks, kimberlites.

In this study, we performed 182W isotope analysis of kimberlites from South Africa, China and Brazil with MC-ICP-MS (Thermo Fisher Scientific Neptune Plus). Kimberlites are ultrabasic rocks that are presumed to have their origin deep in the Earth like OIB. On the other hand, globally distributed kimberlites have relatively undifferentiated isotopic compositions close to those of bulk silicate Earth (BSE), whereas OIB have relatively differentiated values. From these results, kimberlites are considered to originate from an isotopically primordial reservoir like the Earth’s primitive mantle (Woodhead et al., 2019).

All measured 182W/184W values of kimberlites were within analytical error of a terrestrial standard, which is considered to have the value of the modern accessible mantle. The present result indicates that the depletion of the present-day upper mantle in incompatible elements has occurred after 182Hf was no longer extant, as there is no difference in 182W values between the primordial mantle and the already depleted mantle. In addition, given that OIB show μ182W negative anomalies (Mundl et al., 2017), whereas kimberlites didn't show any anomalies, the source mantle of OIB is considered to be more strongly affected by the core-mantle interaction or the EER than that of kimberlites.