JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT27] Oceanic lithosphere and asthenosphere

convener:Nozomu Takeuchi(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Ban-Yuan Kuo(Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica), Rob L Evans(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), Younghee Kim(Seoul National University)

[SIT27-06] Three dimensional shear wave structure in the upper mantle beneath the oldest Pacific plate

*Takehi Isse1, Hitoshi Kawakatsu1, Hajime Shiobara1, Nozomu Takeuchi1, Hiroko Sugioka2, Younghee Kim3, Hisashi Utada1, Sang-Mook Lee3, Kazunori Yoshizawa4 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Planetology, Kobe University, 3.Seoul National University, 4.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:lithosphere-asthenosphere system, Pacific Array, surface wave tomography

Pacific Array, which is a large-scale virtual array experiment covering the entire Pacific Ocean by repeating 1-year seafloor observations in various part of the ocean to reveal the physical nature of the lithosphere-asthenosphere system (LAS), has been launched in 2018.
As a first part of the Pacific Array, Japan-South Korea joint group conducted a one-year seafloor observation (Oldest1 Array) with 12 broadband ocean bottom seismometers and 7 ocean bottom electro-magnetometers in 2018 on the oldest seafloor in the Pacific ocean, located 1000 km east of the Guam island, to reveal the evolution of the oldest part of the Pacific plate. We measured the phase speed dispersions of Love and Rayleigh waves up to 4th higher mode with Oldest1 Array data, as well as available broadband data in the Pacific Ocean to determine the three dimensional upper mantle shear wave structure beneath the whole Pacific Ocean. The obtained model suggests that large-scale anomalies are similar to our previous model (Isse et al., 2019, EPSL). However, beneath the Oldest1 Array, we found that lithosphere is faster and thicker than those in the previous model. We plan to show preliminary results focused on small scale anomalies in the oldest Pacific Ocean.