JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT31] Planetary cores: Structure, formation, and evolution

convener:Hidenori Terasaki(Faculty of Science, Okayama University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Gerd Steinle-Neumann(Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universitaet Bayreuth), William F McDonough(Department of Earth Science and Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan)

[SIT31-04] High-pressure melting experiments on Fe-Si-C; Implications for Si in the core

*Masahiro Hasegawa1, Kei Hirose2, Kenta Oka1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Outer core, Light elements, Melting experiments, Fe-Si-C ternary system

We performed melting experiments on the Fe-Si-C ternary system in a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell (DAC) at ~50, ~135, and ~200 GPa. Samples were recovered from a DAC and their cross-sections were prepared by focused ion beam (FIB). The chemical composition of quenched liquid and coexisting crystals were determined with a field-emission-type electron probe micro-analyzer (FE-EPMA). The results demonstrate the liquidus phase relations (showing a solid phase that crystallizes from liquid with a certain composition) in the Fe-Si-C ternary at each pressure. The Fe-Si-C ternary eutectic point moves toward more C-rich composition at higher pressure, which is in good accordance with the eutectic melting temperatures in the Fe-C and Fe-Si binary systems. In addition, in contrast to our previous work by Ozawa et al. (2016) that suffered contamination by carbon, we found that the Fe-Si binary eutectic point shifts toward the Si-rich side with increasing pressure. It likely includes more than 15 wt% Si at 330 GPa, suggesting that Si can be a major light element in the core, which explains the high Mg/Si ratio observed in the upper mantle.